Why AI is the Catalyst of IoT

Why AI is the Catalyst of IoT

Businesses across the world are rapidly leveraging the Internet-of-Things (#IoT) to create new products and services that are opening up new business opportunities and creating new business models. The resulting transformation is ushering in a new era of how companies run their operations and engage with customers. However, tapping into the IoT is only part of the story [6].

For companies to realize the full potential of IoT enablement, they need to combine IoT with rapidly-advancing Artificial Intelligence (#AI) technologies, which enable ‘smart machines’ to simulate intelligent behavior and make well-informed decisions with little or no human intervention [6].

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and the Internet of Things (IoT) are terms that project futuristic, sci-fi, imagery; both have been identified as drivers of business disruption in 2017. But, what do these terms really mean and what is their relation? Let’s start by defining both terms first:

IoT is defined as a system of interrelated Physical Objects, Sensors, Actuators, Virtual Objects, People, Services, Platforms, and Networks [3] that have separate identifiers and an ability to transfer data independently. Practical examples of #IoT application today include precision agriculture, remote patient monitoring, and driverless cars. Simply put, IoT is the network of “things� that collects and exchanges ...


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3 Major Challenges Facing the Future of IoT

3 Major Challenges Facing the Future of IoT

The Internet of Things (IoT) phenomenon—ubiquitous connected things providing key physical data and further processing of that data in the cloud to deliver business insights— presents a huge opportunity for many players in all businesses and industries. Many companies are organizing themselves to focus on IoT and the connectivity of their future products and services.

IoT Challenges

For the IoT industry to thrive there are three categories of challenges to overcome and this is true for any new trend in technology not only IoT:

Figure 1: IoT Challenges


Technology
Business  
Society


Technology

This part is covering all the technologies needed to make IoT systems function smoothly as a standalone solution or part of existing systems. Cloud Security Alliance (CSA)  listed some of the root causes of such technological challenges:


Many IoT Systems are poorly designed and implemented, using diverse protocols and technologies that create complex configurations.
Lack of mature IoT technologies and business processes
Limited guidance for life cycle maintenance and management of IoT devices
Limited best practices available for IoT developers
There is a lack of standards for authentication and authorization of IoT edge devices
There are no best practices for IoT-based incident response activities.
Audit and Logging standards are not defined for IoT components
Restricted interfaces available IoT devices to interact with security ...


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How Blockchain Can Offer a Secure Model for the Internet of Things

How Blockchain Can Offer a Secure Model for the Internet of Things

The Internet of Things (IoT) is an ecosystem of ever-increasing complexity; it’s the next wave of innovation that will humanize every object in our life, and it is the next level of automation for every object we use. IoT is bringing more and more things into the digital fold every day, which will likely make IoT a multi-trillion dollar industry in the near future.

To understand the scale of interest in the internet of things (IoT) just check how many conferences, articles, and studies have been conducted about IoT recently. This interest has hit fever pitch point in 2016 as many companies see big opportunities and believe that IoT holds the promise to expand and improve businesses processes and accelerate growth. However, the rapid evolution of the IoT market has caused an explosion in the number and variety of IoT solutions, which created real challenges as the industry evolves, mainly, the urgent need for a secure IoT model to perform common tasks such as sensing, processing, storage, and communicating. Developing that model will never be an easy task by any stretch of the imagination, there are many hurdles and challenges facing a real secure IoT model.

There are many views of IoT, ...


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7 Trends of the Internet of Things in 2017

7 Trends of the Internet of Things in 2017

IoT is one of the transformational trends that will shape the future of businesses in 2017 and beyond. Many firms see big opportunity in IoT uses and enterprises start to believe that IoT holds the promise to enhance customer relationships and drive business growth by improving quality, productivity, and reliability on one side, and on the other side reducing costs, risk, and theft. By having the right IoT model companies will be rewarded with new customers, better insights, and improved customer satisfaction to mention few benefits. 

With all this in mind, let’s explore some of the trends of IoT impacting business and technology in 2017:

1) IoT and Blockchain Will Converge

Blockchain is more than a concept now and has applications in many verticals besides FinTech including IoT. Blockchain technology is considered by many experts as the missing link to settle scalability, privacy, and reliability concerns in the Internet of Things. Blockchain technology can be used in tracking billions of connected devices, enable the processing of transactions and coordination between devices; allow for significant savings to IoT industry manufacturers. This decentralized approach would eliminate single points of failure, creating a more resilient ecosystem for devices to run on. The cryptographic algorithms used by ...


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DDoS Attack: A Wake-Up Call for IoT

DDoS Attack: A Wake-Up Call for IoT

Welcome to the world of Internet of Things wherein a glut of devices are connected to the internet which emanates massive amounts of data. Analysis and use of this data will have real positive impact on our lives. But we have many hoops to jump before we can claim that crown starting with a huge number of devices lacking unified platform with serious issues of security standards threating the very progress of IoT.



The concept of IoT introduces a wide range of new security risks and challenges to IoT devices, platforms and operating systems, communications, and even the systems to which they're connected. New security technologies will be required to protect IoT devices and platforms from both information attacks and physical tampering, to encrypt their communications, and to address new challenges such as impersonating "things" or denial-of-sleep attacks that drain batteries, to denial-of-service attack. But IoT security will be complicated by the fact that many "things" use simple processors and operating systems that may not support sophisticated security approaches. In addition to all that "Experienced IoT security specialists are scarce, and security solutions are currently fragmented and involve multiple vendors," said Mr. Jones from Gartner, he added; "New threats will emerge ...


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How to Secure the Internet of Things (IoT) with Blockchain

How to Secure the Internet of Things (IoT) with Blockchain

IoT is creating new opportunities and providing a competitive advantage for businesses in current and new markets. It touches everything—not just the data, but how, when, where and why you collect it. The technologies that have created the Internet of Things aren’t changing the internet only, but rather change the things connected to the internet—the devices and gateways on the edge of the network that are now able to request a service or start an action without human intervention at many levels. 

Because the generation and analysis of data is so essential to the IoT, consideration must be given to protecting data throughout its life cycle. Managing information at all levels is complex because data will flow across many administrative boundaries with different policies and intents.

Given the various technological and physical components that truly make up an IoT ecosystem, it is good to consider the IoT as a system-of-systems. The architecting of these systems that provide business value to organizations will often be a complex undertaking, as enterprise architects work to design integrated solutions that include edge devices, applications, transports, protocols, and analytics capabilities that make up a fully functioning IoT system. This complexity introduces challenges to keeping the IoT secure, ...


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5 IoT Standardization and Implementation Challenges

5 IoT Standardization and Implementation Challenges

The rapid evolution of the IoT market has caused an explosion in the number and variety of IoT solutions. Additionally, large amounts of funding are being deployed at IoT startups. Consequently, the focus of the industry has been on manufacturing and producing the right types of hardware to enable those solutions. In the current model, most IoT solution providers have been building all components of the stack, from the hardware devices to the relevant cloud services or as they would like to name it as "IoT solutions", as a result, there is a lack of consistency and standards across the cloud services used by the different IoT solutions.

As the industry evolves, the need for a standard model to perform common IoT backend tasks, such as processing, storage, and firmware updates, is becoming more relevant. In that new model, we are likely to see different IoT solutions work with common backend services, which will guarantee levels of interoperability, portability and manageability that are almost impossible to achieve with the current generation of IoT solutions.

Creating that model will never be an easy task by any level of imagination, there are hurdles and challenges facing the standardization and implementation of IoT solutions and ...


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Why the Internet of Things Needs Fog Computing?

Why the Internet of Things Needs Fog Computing?

The Internet of Things (IoT) is one of the hottest mega-trends in technology – and for good reason, IoT deals with all the components of what we consider web 3.0 including Big Data Analytics, Cloud Computing and Mobile Computing .

The Challenge

The IoT promises to bring the connectivity to an earthly level, permeating every home, vehicle, and workplace with smart, Internet-connected devices. But as dependence on our newly connected devices increases along with the benefits and uses of a maturing technology, the reliability of the gateways that make the IoT a functional reality must increase and make uptime a near guarantee. As every appliance, light, door, piece of clothing, and every other object in your home and office become potentially Internet-enabled; The Internet of Things is poised to apply major stresses to the current internet and data center infrastructure. Gartner predicts that the IoT may include 26 billion connected units by 2020.



The popular current approach is to centralize cloud data processing in a single site, resulting in lower costs and strong application security. But with the sheer amount of input data that will be received from globally distributed sources, this central processing structure will require backup. Also, most enterprise data is ...


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10 Important Predictions for the Future of IoT

10 Important Predictions for the Future of IoT

A Google search for “Internet of Things” term reveals over 280,000,000 results, thanks to the media making the connection between the smart home wearable devices, and the connected automobile, IoT has begun to become part of the popular parlance. But that’s not the complete picture, according to Gartner's Nick Jones, vice president and distinguished analyst "The IoT demands an extensive range of new technologies and skills that many organizations have yet to master," he  added "A recurring theme in the IoT space is the immaturity of technologies and services and of the vendors providing them. Architecting for this immaturity and managing the risk it creates will be a key challenge for organizations exploiting the IoT. In many technology areas, lack of skills will also pose significant challenges."

In the coming years, IoT will look completely different than it does today. IoT is a greenfield market. New players, with new business models, approaches, and solutions, can appear out of nowhere and overtake incumbents. But business is the key market. While there is talk about wearable devices and connected homes, the real value and immediate market for IoT is with businesses and enterprises. The adoption of IoT will be much more similar to ...


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5 Components and its Challenges of an IoT Implementation

5 Components and its Challenges of an IoT Implementation

The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of physical objects—devices, vehicles, buildings and other items which are embedded with electronics, software, sensors, and network connectivity, which enables these objects to collect and exchange data. Implementing this concept is not an easy task by any measure for many reasons including the complex nature of the different components of the ecosystem of IoT.  To understand the gravity of this task, we will explain all the five components of IoT Implementation.

Components of IoT implementation


Sensors
Networks
Standards
Intelligent Analysis
Intelligent Actions




Sensors

According to (IEEE) sensors can be defined as: An electronic device that produces electrical, optical, or digital data derived from a physical condition or event. Data produced from sensors is then electronically transformed, by another device, into information (output) that is useful in decision making done by “intelligent” devices or individuals (people).

Types of Sensors: Active Sensors & Passive Sensors

The selection of sensors greatly impacted by many factors, including:


Purpose (Temperature, Motion, Bio…etc.)
Accuracy
Reliability
Range
Resolution
Level of Intelligence (dealing with noise and interference)


The driving forces for using sensors in IoT today are new trends in technology that made sensors cheaper, smarter and smaller.





 Challenges facing IoT sensors


Power consumption
Security
Interoperability


Networks

The second step of this implantation is to transmit the signals collected by sensors over networks with ...


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How Artificial Intelligence Will Kickstart the Internet of Things

How Artificial Intelligence Will Kickstart the Internet of Things


The possibilities that IoT brings to the table are endless. IoT continues its run as one of the most popular technology buzzwords of the year, and now the new phase of IoT is pushing everyone to ask hard questions about the data collected by all devices and sensors of IoT.

IoT will produce a tsunami of big data, with the rapid expansion of devices and sensors connected to the Internet of Things continues, the sheer volume of data being created by them will increase to an astronomical level. This data will hold extremely valuable insights into what’s working well or what’s not.




Also, IoT will point out conflicts that arise and provide high-value insight into new business risks and opportunities as correlations and associations are made.

Examples of IoT data


Data that helps cities predict accidents and crimes
Data that gives doctors real-time insight into information from pacemakers or biochips
Data that optimize  productivity across industries through predictive maintenance on equipment and machinery
Data that creates truly smart homes with connected appliances
Data that provides critical communication between self-driving cars


That’s the good news, but it’s simply impossible for humans to review and understand all of this data with traditional methods, even if they cut down the sample size, ...


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How to Secure the Internet of Things?

How to Secure the Internet of Things?

The Internet of Things (IoT) as a concept is fascinating and exciting, but the key to gaining real business value from it, is effective communication between all elements of the architecture so you can deploy applications faster, process and analyze data at lightning speeds, and make decisions as soon as you can. IoT architecture can be represented by four systems:


Things:These are defined as uniquely identifiable nodes, primarily sensors that communicate without human interaction using IP connectivity.
Gateways:These act as intermediaries between things and the cloud to provide the needed Internet connectivity, security and manageability.
Network infrastructure:This is comprised of routers, aggregators, gateways, repeaters and other devices that control data flow.
Cloud infrastructure:Cloud infrastructure contains large pools of virtualized servers and storage that are networked together.


 

Next-generation trends namely, Social Networks, Big Data, Cloud Computing, and Mobility, have made many things possible that weren’t just a few years ago. Add to that, the convergence of global trends and events that are fueling today’s technological advances and enabling innovation including:


Efficiency and cost-reduction initiatives in key vertical market
Government incentives encouraging investment in these new technology
Lower manufacturing costs for smart devices
Reduced connectivity costs
More-efficient wired and wireless communications
Expanded and affordable  mobile ...


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How to Secure the Internet of Things?

How to Secure the Internet of Things?

The Internet of Things (IoT) as a concept is fascinating and exciting, but the key to gaining real business value from it, is effective communication between all elements of the architecture so you can deploy applications faster, process and analyze data at lightning speeds, and make decisions as soon as you can. IoT architecture can be represented by four systems:


Things:These are defined as uniquely identifiable nodes, primarily sensors that communicate without human interaction using IP connectivity.
Gateways:These act as intermediaries between things and the cloud to provide the needed Internet connectivity, security and manageability.
Network infrastructure:This is comprised of routers, aggregators, gateways, repeaters and other devices that control data flow.
Cloud infrastructure:Cloud infrastructure contains large pools of virtualized servers and storage that are networked together.


 

Next-generation trends namely, Social Networks, Big Data, Cloud Computing, and Mobility, have made many things possible that weren’t just a few years ago. Add to that, the convergence of global trends and events that are fueling today’s technological advances and enabling innovation including:


Efficiency and cost-reduction initiatives in key vertical market
Government incentives encouraging investment in these new technology
Lower manufacturing costs for smart devices
Reduced connectivity costs
More-efficient wired and wireless communications
Expanded and affordable  mobile ...


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4 Challenges for the Internet of Things for it to Be a Success

4 Challenges for the Internet of Things for it to Be a Success

The Internet of things (IoT) is one of the most exciting trends in the recent history of technology so far. As connectivity, storage, and compute become more universal, we’re seeing an explosion of IoT solutions, from health care to public safety, all pointing towards one conclusion: The IoT is here to stay. As with any other trends in technology, it’s starting to require new generation of platforms, standards, regulations, and protocols to name few.



Gartner defines the Internet of Things as the network of physical objects that contain embedded technology (such as intelligent sensors) which can communicate, sense, or interact with internal or external systems. This can generate volumes of real-time data that can be used by organizations for a variety of applications, including smart appliances to monitoring equipment performance.

The Internet of Things (IoT) is becoming so ubiquitous that ABI Research predicts that there will be more than 30 billion IP-connected devices and sensors in the world by 2020.

The rapid evolution of the IoT market has caused an explosion in the number and variety of IoT solutions. Additionally, large amounts of funding are being deployed at IoT startups. Consequently, the focus of the industry has been on manufacturing and producing the right types of hardware to ...


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10 Myths about Cloud Computing

10 Myths about Cloud Computing

Cloud is recognized as facilitating “speed-to-market” – and for its ability to drive business agility. This is because cloud supports rapid experimentation and innovation by allowing companies to quickly try and even adopt new solutions without significant up-front costs. The Cloud can be a highly agile wrapper around different systems, different behavior and bringing it all together in an engagement cycle. By changing the way people interact with technology, cloud enables new forms of consumer engagement, expand collaboration across the value chain and bring innovation to companies’ core business models.

Gartner listed cloud computing as one of the top technology’s investment in the next 5 years as showing on the chart below:



Types of Cloud Computing


Public Cloud: In Public Cloud the computing infrastructure is hosted by the cloud vendor at the vendor’s premises. The customer has no visibility and control over where the computing infrastructure is hosted. The computing infrastructure is shared between any organizations.
Private Cloud: The computing infrastructure is dedicated to a particular organization and not shared with other organizations. Private Clouds are more expensive and more secure when compared to Public Clouds. Private Cloud is what used to be called your company network.
Hybrid Cloud: Organizations may host critical applications on ...


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Fog Computing is Vital for a Successful Internet of Things

Fog Computing is Vital for a Successful Internet of Things

The Internet of Things (IoT) represents a remarkable transformation of the way in which our world will soon interact. Much like the World Wide Web connected computers to networks, and the next evolution connected people to the Internet and other people, the IoT looks poised to interconnect devices, people, environments, virtual objects and machines in ways that only science fiction writers could have imagined.



In a nutshell the Internet of Things (IoT) is the convergence of connecting people, things, data and processes is transforming our life, business and everything in between.


There are some big numbers attached to this trend. Cisco optimistically predicted a $19 trillion profit market for IoT, and projects there will be 50 billion smart objects connected to the Internet by 2020. Clearly, those are motivating reasons for companies to put their label on this coming IT tsunami.


The term fog computing is also referred to as “edge computing,” which essentially means that rather than hosting and working from a centralized cloud, fog systems operate on network ends. That concentration means that data can be processed locally in smart devices rather than being sent to the cloud for processing. It’s one approach to dealing with the Internet of Things (IoT).

Fog ...


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Internet of Things (IoT): More than Smart “Things”

Internet of Things (IoT): More than Smart “Things”


By 2020, experts forecast that up to 28 billion devices will be connected to the Internet with only one third of them being computers, smartphones and tablets. The remaining two thirds will be other “devices” – sensors, terminals, household appliances, thermostats, televisions, automobiles, production machinery, urban infrastructure and many other “things”, which traditionally have not been Internet enabled.

This “Internet of Things” (IoT) represents a remarkable transformation of the way in which our world will soon interact. Much like the World Wide Web connected computers to networks, and the next evolution connected people to the Internet and other people, IoT looks poised to interconnect devices, people, environments, virtual objects and machines in ways that only science fiction writers could have imagined.

In a nutshell the Internet of Things (IoT) is the convergence of connecting people, things, data and processes is transforming our life, business and everything in between.

A fair question to ask at this point is how IoT differs from machine to machine (M2M), which has been around for decades. Is IoT simply M2M with IPv6 addresses or is it really something revolutionary?

To answer this question you need to know that M2M, built on proprietary and closed systems, was designed to move ...


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The Internet of Things (IoT): 8 Myths and Facts

The Internet of Things (IoT): 8 Myths and Facts

Any new technology involves a certain amount of uncertainty and business risk. In the case of the Internet of Things, however, many of the risks have been exaggerated or misrepresented. While the IoT vision will take years to mature fully, the building blocks to begin this process are already in place. Key hardware and software are either available today or under development; stakeholders need to address security and privacy concerns, and collaborate to implement the open standards that will make the IoT safe, secure, reliable and interoperable, and allow the delivery of secured services as seamlessly as possible. (Push Technology)

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a concept that describes a totally interconnected world. It’s a world where devices of every shape and size are manufactured with “smart” capabilities that allow them to communicate and interact with other devices, exchange data, make autonomous decisions and perform useful tasks based on preset conditions. It’s a world where technology will make life richer, easier, safer and more comfortable.



Cisco is expecting the industry to gross over $19 trillion over the next few years. However, the problem is that these ‘things’ have myths surrounding them, some of which are impacting how organizations develop the apps ...


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The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT): Challenges, Requirements and Benefits

The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT): Challenges, Requirements and Benefits

The idea of a smarter world where systems with sensors and local processing are connected to share information is taking hold in every single industry. These systems will be connected on a global scale with users and each other to help users make more informed decisions. Many labels have been given to this overarching idea, but the most ubiquitous is the Internet of Things (IoT). The IoT includes everything from smart homes, mobile fitness devices, and connected toys to the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) with smart agriculture, smart cities, smart factories, and the smart grid.



The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT)is a network of physical objects, systems, platforms and applications that contain embedded technology to communicate and share intelligence with each other, the external environment and with people. The adoption of the IIoT is being enabled by the improved availability and affordability of sensors, processors and other technologies that have helped facilitate capture of and access to real-time information.

The IIoT can be characterized as a vast number of connected industrial systems that are communicating and coordinating their data analytics and actions to improve industrial performance and benefit society as a whole. Industrial systems that interface the digital world to the ...


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Internet of Things (IoT): Security, Privacy and Safety

Internet of Things (IoT): Security, Privacy and Safety

The Internet of Things (IoT) presents numerous benefits to consumers, and has the potential to change the ways that consumers interact with technology in fundamental ways. In the future, the Internet of Things is likely to meld the virtual and physical worlds together in ways that are currently difficult to comprehend. From a security and privacy perspective, the predicted pervasive introduction of sensors and devices into currently intimate spaces – such as the home, the car, and with wearables and ingestible, even the body – poses particular challenges. As physical objects in our everyday lives increasingly detect and share observations about us, consumers will likely continue to want privacy.

The Internet of Things (IoT) is emerging as the third wave in the development of the Internet. The 1990s’ Internet wave connected 1 billion users while the 2000s’ mobile wave connected another 2 billion. The IoT has the potential to connect 10X as many (28 billion) “things” to the Internet by 2020, ranging from bracelets to cars. Breakthroughs in the cost of sensors, processing power and bandwidth to connect devices are enabling ubiquitous connections right now. Smart products like smart watches and thermostats (Nest) are already gaining traction as stated in Goldman ...


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What is Quantum Computing?

What is Quantum Computing?

Quantum computing is the area of study focused on developing computer technology based on the principles of quantum theory. The quantum computer, following the laws of quantum physics, would gain enormous processing power through the ability to be in multiple states, and to perform tasks using all possible permutations simultaneously.

A Comparison of Classical and Quantum Computing

Classical computing relies, at its ultimate level, on principles expressed by Boolean algebra. Data must be processed in an exclusive binary state at any point in time or bits. While the time that each transistor or capacitor need be either in 0 or 1 before switching states is now measurable in billionths of a second, there is still a limit as to how quickly these devices can be made to switch state. As we progress to smaller and faster circuits, we begin to reach the physical limits of materials and the threshold for classical laws of physics to apply. Beyond this, the quantum world takes over.

In a quantum computer, a number of elemental particles such as electrons or photons can be used with either their charge or polarization acting as a representation of 0 and/or 1. Each of these particles is known as a quantum ...


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